Phobias are the result of Fear. Many of us have fears that limit us and holds us back; We tend to avoid things and situations that cause us discomfort.
When the fears become so intense that they are avoided at all costs, they become a phobia. The individual experiences marked, extreme, enduring fear as soon as they experience (or even think about) a defined situation or object. Common phobias are:- insects, fear of heights, flying, elevators, public speaking, certain animals.
Phobias may develop acutely or more gradually:-